Ingredients Database

Know what’s in your products!

The ingredient database has been created to help you identify ingredients commonly found in skincare.

This is by no means a complete list.

A

1,3 Beta GlucanActivates macrophage immune cells, protects and moisturizes, promotes healing through cell turnover, stimulates collagen synthesis, and serves as an antioxidant.

AC-11®All the beneficial parts of cat’s claw have been extracted to create more DNA repair and healing while decreasing inflammation. Increases results and protects skin from everyday elements.

Acetyl Tetrapeptide-5Reduces puffy eyes and dark circles, prevents collagen cross linking to increase elasticity of skin, anti edema effect for eye puffiness, and increases circulation.

AgavePlant that has softening and soothing properties.

Alanine (L)Amino acid required for cell metabolism.

AllantoinOffers soothing, moisturizing, and skin softening properties, promotes healthy cell renewal, healing and protect from UV damage.

Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis)Speeds up skin cell reproduction by as much as eight times and penetrates the epidermis four times faster than water.

Alpha-Glucan OligosaccharideBio-mimetic sugar molecule that regulates and stabilizes skin microflora, acting as a pre and probiotic.

Alpha-KetoglutarateEssential for binding proteins to repair DNA and create collagen, intermediate in the production of energy for our cells.

Amazonian Fruit ButterSustainably sourced high content of essential fatty acids and Vitamin A, repairs damage, soothes, and heals.

Apple (Pyrus Malus) Fruit ExtractAntioxidants, phenols, vitamins and natural acids, apple extract help promote normal keratinization and desquamation to improve appearance of dull skin and help smooth texture while promoting regeneration and retaining moisture.

Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca) Kernel OilRich in essential fatty acid gamma linoleic acid, GLA helps skin to maintain moisture balance while also firming and nourishing. Vitamins A and E, soothe the skin and slow signs of aging. Anti-inflammatory effect is beneficial for allergy and sensitive prone skin.

Arginine (L)Essential amino acid that help to generate collagen.

ArtemisiaPlant extract with antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antioxidant properties.

Ascorbic Acid (L)Water soluble Vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant, strengthens collagen, assists in brightening, provides anti wrinkle effects, smooths skin texture, heals wounds, and prevents scarring.

Ascorbic Acid PolypeptidePrized for its antioxidant qualities and its well-known role in boosting the immune system and synthesizing collagen. Repairs DNA damage, fades hyperpigmentation, and corrects rosacea.

Ascorbyl Palmitate (L)Chirally correct form of lipid soluble Vitamin C to provide better and faster penetrating antioxidant protection for proteins and collagen.

Ascorbyl GlucosideStable, time released form of Vitamin C; water soluble, triggers the amino acids to strengthen collagen and assists in brightening and smoothing skin.

AsiaticosidePlant extract that acts as an anti-inflammatory agent; protects collagen from degradation, and stimulates fibroblasts resulting in the regeneration of the dermis.

AstaxanthinPotent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that protects against lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage.

Avocado OilRich in vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, Vitamin D, E, minerals, protein, lecithin and fatty acids, said to have healing and regenerating qualities.

B

Basil Extract (Basilicum)Astringent and soothing with anti-inflammatory properties.

Bearberry Extract (Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi)Tyrosinase inhibitor that lightens skin; natural arbutin content for skin lightening properties; antibacterial and serves as an antioxidant.

Bentonite – Mineral rich clays that absorb impurities and balance oil production.

Bitter Cherry (Prunus Cerasus) ExtractBitter Cherries are rich in Vitamin C and carotenoids providing high free radical scavenging, and anti-inflammatory activity. Studies have shown them to help defend against cancer, inhibit negative enzymatic activity while promoting beneficial enzymes that help with detoxification.

Blackberry (Rubus Fruticosus) Seed OilPotent source of fatty acids, tocopherols, phytosterol and Vitamin C to heal, strengthen, moisturize and aid in the relief of itching, scaly, irritated skin conditions.

Bladderwrack ExtractRich in calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, sulfur, silicon and iron and high in some B-complex vitamins, carotene and zeaxanthin, improves elasticity.

Blueberry (Vaccinium Angustifolium) Fruit ExtractKnown for being a super food due to its high antioxidant content. Blueberries are packed full of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals providing natural anti-cancer activity, capillary support, scavenging free radicals and normalizing oil production. Not to mention the cell regenerative, anti-aging, and soothing properties.

BoswelliaPlant with anti-inflammatory and astringent properties.

Bromelain & PapainProtein digesting enzymes found in pineapple and papaya; effective in the gentle removal of damaged keratin from the top layers of the epidermis.

Butcher’s Broom (Ruscus Aculeatus) Root ExtractAn evergreen shrub, known for its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. It has also been shown to reduce pain, decrease swelling and itching, reduce appearance of large pores and dark circles. The root contains phenols that help decongest skin tissue and provides astringent as well as strengthening properties.

C

Calendula Infused Oil – Lipid support with anti-inflammatory agents.

Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract – Used throughout history in skin preparations due to its skin conditioning, anti inflammatory, wound healing, and regenerative properties for dry and damaged skin.

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract – Contains polyphenols, catechins, catechols and flavenol which are potent antioxidants. Has anti-inflammatory, anti-metalloproteinase effects and helps increase blood flow.

Camu Camu (Myrciaria Dubia) Fruit Extract – Contains 60 times more Vitamin C per serving than an orange. Has several different flavonoids, which are compounds found in plants that function in the body as antioxidants, neutralizing harmful free radicals. Gallic acid is also found in camu camu, which gives it antifungal and anti-viral properties.

Canadian Willowherb Extract – Anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, anti-oxidant, anti-acneic.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride – Derived from coconut oil and glycerin, it has emollient and skin-repairing properties, fatty acids help to moisturize and replenish skin, is non-sensitizing, has anti-inflammatory properties. Helps enhance the delivery of vitamins, pigments, and other active ingredients in formula.

Carrot Root Oil – Rich source of pro-vitamin A, string antioxidant support.

Castor (Ricinus Communis) Seed Oil – Castor oil is detoxifying as well as being very moisturizing. Because it is emollient it has the ability to soften dry, rough skin and help with skin conditions like dermatitis. It has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine in dressings as it penetrates deeply to provide healing benefits and skin barrier protection. It helps reduce scar tissue, boosts immunity and increases circulation. Castor oil can also enhance the absorption of other cosmetic ingredients.

Chamomile Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract – Reduces the redness in the skin and the appearance of broken capillaries. Very soothing, helping to calm inflamed conditions such as acne, rashes, and burns.

Charcoal – Strong detoxifying and absorbing properties.

Chlorella Vulgaris – Protects and stimulates collagen and elastin; provides antioxidant support.

Chronoline (Caprooyl Tetrapeptide-3) – Boosts collagen production, activates skin repair, and reduces appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Seed Oil – Oil obtained from cold pressed green coffee beans shown to improve moisture retention by increasing presence of glycosaminoglycans and pore proteins that decrease moisture loss and improve hydration. Also rich in essential fatty acids, sterols, and Vitamin E to fight free radical damage and help protect against DNA degradation. It has been shown to help prevent inflammation and photo aging in the skin while increasing collagen and elastin production.

Copper Gluconate & Zeolite – Stimulates skin regeneration, helps rebuild collagen and elastin, and accelerates wound repair.

CoQ10 (Ubiquinone) – Antioxidant that feeds cell’s energy cycle while protecting it from free radical damage.

Cranberry Extract (Vaccinium Macrocarpon Fruit) – Natural enzymatic exfoliant as well as an antioxidant.

Cucumber (Cucumis Sativa) Extract – Provides soothing and cooling effects to ease irritated skin, has been shown to be moisture-binding, moisture-regulating with softening properties, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, lightning effects, and improves flavonoid protections, nourishes the skin.

Cysteine – Semi-essential amino acid that helps to detoxify and protect cells from free radical damage as a key constituent of glutathione, building block of proteins needed for skin structure.

D

Don Quai – Herb to help balance and normalize circulation.

Dromaius Novaehollandiae Oil (Emu) – Omega Fatty Acids essential to maintain proper lipid balance and hydration.

E

Elder Flower Extract – Antioxidant rich in Vitamin C; soothes skin and aids in wound healing.

Elderberry (Sambucus Nigra) Extract – Helps the skin to tighten, reducing the size of pores and smoothing the skin. Also contains antioxidants that protect against free-radical damage, plus anti-microbial and antifungal compounds that help keep the skin healthy and clear.

Ergothioneine (L) – Amino acid with antioxidant properties; also acts as a scavenger of free radicals.

F

Feverfew Extract (Chrysanthemum Parthenium) – Anti-inflammatory through inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines, good for inflamed acne reducing redness while calming and soothing irritated and dry skin.

Frequency Enhanced Water – Water enhanced with epidermal growth factor, keratinocyte growth factor, antibacterial, antiviral and anti-fungal frequencies.

Fulvic Acid – Potent antioxidant that detoxes the skin, improves vitamin and mineral delivery into the cell, and improves production of proteins and wound healing.

G

GABA (Aminobutyric Acid) – Naturally produced in our bodies, used for its tyrosinase inhibitory properties.

Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract – Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory; responsible for supporting collagen synthesis.

Glutathione (L) – Antioxidant that plays a major role in cellular detoxification and assists in cellular respiration.

Glycerin – Moisturizes and lubricates the skin, promotes skin softness and smoothness, acts as a natural preserving agent.

Glycine – Amino acid that helps remove toxic substances and provide a release of growth hormones; promotes cell volumizing through hydration & participates in several important reactions in the body.

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) – MDI complex which inhibits enzymatic activities that can degrade and ultimately destroy the collagen network present in the skin, improves appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Gotu Kola (Centella Asiatica) Extract – Speeds the healing of damaged tissues and to minimise scarring.

Grape (Vitis Vinifera) Seed Extract & Oil – Rich in polyphenols, protects the skin from free radicals and premature aging, increases intracellular Vitamin C levels, inhibits destruction of collagen, treats acne, and tightens the skin. The antioxidant power of grape seed extract fights the free radicals and protects the skin from damage.

Grape Seed Extract (Vitis Vinifera) – Rich in polyphenol proanthocyanidins; protects the skin from free radicals and premature aging, increases intracellular Vitamin C levels, inhibits destruction of collagen.

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Leaf Extract – Rich in polyphenols such as EGCG that prevent free radical damage, reduces inflammation, inhibits destructive enzymes that break down healthy collagen fibers improving firmness and elasticity, also provides photo-protective benefits.

Green Tea Leaf Extract (Camellia Oleifera) – Antioxidant that helps fight free radical damage and anti-inflammatory properties.

Growth Factor Enhanced Media – 150+ growth factors that are stable and three dimensional as well as physiologically balanced so your skin can decide when/how to use them.

H

Honey – Reinforces water absorbing capacity of the stratum corneum, slows dehydration, diminishes skin roughness, and improves skin suppleness and elasticity.

Horse Chestnut (Aesculus Hippocastanum) Seed Extract – An astringent, anti-inflammatory herb that helps improve circulation and improve capillary health. It nourishes and protects the skin with fatty acids and helps maintain youthful hyaluronic acid levels decreasing the signs of aging and supporting the immune system.

Hyaluronic Acid (L) – Natural moisturizing factor, draws water to the cells, plumps, lubricates and moisturizes the skin; prevents trans-epidermal water loss.

Hydrolyzed Yeast Protein – This anti-aging, hydrating and skin smoothing ingredient is obtained through a purified processing of amino acids, peptides and proteins. It was inspired by nature to optimize skin matrix architecture.

Hydroxyproline (L) – From the amino acid proline, helps stabilize collagen, increases moisture and firmness in the skin, comprises roughly 4% of all amino acids found in our tissues, source of virtually every skin component including proteins, antioxidants and peptides.

Hyssopus – Herb providing antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

J

Jiaogulan (Gynostemma Pentaphyllum) – Powerful antioxidant derived from a climbing vine in the cucumber family, anti inflammatory that promotes healing and repair.

Jojoba (Buxus Chinensis) Oil – Closely resembling natural sebum within our skin it balances skin’s natural oil. Calms inflammation with naturally present myristic acid and has antioxidant properties.

Jojoba Seed Oil (Simmondsia Chinensis) – Moisturizes and reconditions the skin; balances oil production and provides barrier protection.

K

Kakadu Plum (Terminalia Ferdinandiana) Fruit Extract – Has world’s highest source of Vitamin C and contains Gallic Acid that has anti-inflammatory properties, promotes collagen synthesis, maintains healthy immunity, helps prevent against free radicals.

Kaolin – Mineral rich clays that absorb impurities and balance oil production.

Kiwi Kumquat Blend – Gentle cleansing agent that effectively removes impurities and allows us to avoid the use of harsh/toxic ingredients like sodium lauryl sulfate.

L

Lactic Acid – An alpha hydroxy acid recognized by the skin that is a natural moisturizing factor, refines and perfects the surface of the skin while containing antioxidant properties. At higher levels it acts as a gentle exfoliant.

Lanachrys 2B (Butylene Glycol & Chrysanthellum Idicum) – Natural lipolysis booster (fat breakdown) to help decrease puffiness.

Lecithin, Hydrogenated – Stabilized form that improves skin barrier health, reduces irritation and stinging, increases cell membrane health and moisturizes.

Lemon Peel Extract (Citrus Medica Limonum) – Inhibits melanin synthesis, provides antibacterial effects and serves as an antioxidant.

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra) Root Extract – Rich in many potent antioxidants, Licorice is anti-inflammatory, lightening, calming, soothing, immunomodulating and anti-aging. It contains flavonoids, glabradin, licochalcone, glycyrrhizin, sterols, amino acids, vitamins and minerals that promote elasticity, normalise oil production, fade dark spots and blemishes while fighting free radicals and nourishing the skin.

Linseed (Linum Usitatissimum) Seed Oil – Also known as Flaxseed, it is rich in essential fatty acids, primarily the omega 3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid, antioxidants, and also has antibacterial properties. These nourishing properties help to smooth wrinkles, repair cells and skin texture, combat inflammation reduce irritation and seal in moisture.

Lipoic Acid (R) (Thioctic Acid) – Antioxidant and collagen/elastin stimulator.

Liquid Crystals – Plant extract that provides improved skin barrier integrity, protection, repair, and moisture.

Lysine (L) – Essential amino acid needed to build protein and proper collagen formation.

M

Malic Acid – From apples, this alpha hydroxy acid is also a humectant and in low levels helps to hydrate and improve skin texture.

Mandelic Acid (L) – Derived from almonds; contains antibacterial properties and improves acne, abnormal pigmentation, and photodamaged skin.

Mango Butter – High content of stearic acid, known for its hydrating, regenerative, and sun protective properties, rich in antioxidants, higher fatty acid content than shea butter.

Mango (Mangifera Indica) Juice – Nutrient rich (vitamins, minerals and electrolytes) to improve skin health by nourishing and fighting free radicals, this fruit provides protection for the skin, reduces the appearance of lines, lightens pigmentation and reduces inflammation.

Mango Pulp – High Vitamin A & C, malic acid, tartaric acid, antioxidant and rejuvenating properties.

Mangosteen (Garcinia Mangostana) Fruit Juice – Known as the “queen of the fruits”, this super fruit has anti-allergic, anti inflammatory, and antioxidant properties as well as being a good source of Vitamin C. Contains xanthones which have shown preventative action against skin cancer. It has been used to treat eczema, balance sebum, treat acne, improve immune function, cell turnover and skin radiance.

Mangostin – A compound from the mangosteen tree with antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties protecting the skin against oxidative stress and cell death.

Meadowfoam Seed Oil – Moisturizing, supports barrier on skin to prevent water loss.

Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum) Extract – Supports skin detoxification.

MSM (Dimethyl Sulfone) – Organic sulfur compound that strengthens skin’s support structure; promotes the synthesis of proteins and connective tissue.

N

Niacinamide – Form of Niacin involved in cellular respiration, lipid synthesis, provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, improves epidermal barrier function, and inhibits skin pigmentation.

Nonapeptide-1 – Peptide that helps block melanocyte stimulation.

O

Olive Leaf Extract (Olea Europaea) – Rich in antioxidants as well as squalane and oleic acid, naturally heals and soothes the skin while allowing the skin cells to rejuvenate and repair.

Olive (Olea Europaea) Fruit Oil – High in antioxidants like Vitamin A and E, polyphenols and phytosterols, this oil provides anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties. It is rich in oleic acid which regenerates cells helping to heal damaged skin. This environmental stress protector hydrates, smoothes, firms and heals skin.

Orange Peel, Oil & Extract – A very sweet citrus smell it is non-toxic, non-irritating, non sensitizing and antiseptic in nature. Natural astringent and skin toner. Cleans pores and helps to remove acne spots and skin blemishes. High in antioxidants that fight free radicals, nourishing and protective, as it is high in flavonoids, and rich in Vitamin C. Promotes collagen production and aids in diminishing hyperpigmentation.

P

Palmitic Acid – Sustainably sourced saturated fatty acid which is a natural component of our skin’s lipid barrier.

Panthenol (D) – Vitamin B-5, improves hydration, reduces itching and inflammation of the skin and accelerates and improves healing.

Passion Flower – Emollient, anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving and good source of EFAs.

Peppermint (Mentha Piperita) Oil – Provides astringent actions, soothes and cools the skin, and assists in healing.

Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract – From the Chilean Boldo tree, it is rich in the alkaloid boldine which is one of the most potent natural antioxidants with anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, cyto-protective, immuno and neuro-modulating properties. Stimulates the skin’s natural defense systems without stimulating inflammation to diffuse redness creating a more even and radiant complexion.

Phosphatidylcholine (Lecithin) – Liposome coating for delivery and penetration.

Phytic Acid – Increases moisture levels, decreases sebum production, lightens pigmentation, and has specific antioxidant properties that reduce inflammatory processes.

Phyto Hyaluronate – Yeast derived humectant that binds moisture to the skin, film forming.

Pistachio Pulp – High in Vitamin B6, Vitamin E and essential fatty acids.

Plankton Extract – Collected from the Mer d’Iroise of Brest in Bretagne with amazing effects of smoothing fine lines and wrinkles.

Polyglutamic Acid – Enhances skin’s own ability to maintain moisture and also increases the hyaluronic acid content as well as the level of natural moisturizing factors.

Proline (L) – Amino acid with moisturizing and moisture retention properties; improves skin texture, aids in collagen formation, repairs damaged tissue, and promotes health of connective tissue.

Pyridoxine – Vitamin B6, antioxidant and enzyme involved in metabolizing protein; promotes a variety of enzymatic actions and is important in the manufacture of niacin.

R

Raspberry (Rubus Idaeus) Fruit Oil – A skin conditioner with potent antioxidant and antibacterial properties.

Retinaldehyde – Vitamin A, promotes cellular turnover, helps reduce the signs of aging.

Rice Oil Glycereth 8-esters – Water soluble rice oil that imparts all the benefits of the fatty acids of rice, like oleic acid and squalene to provide lipids to smooth and tone skin.

Rosehip (Rosa Canina) Fruit Extract – High levels of essential fatty acids, natural retinoic acid content to aid in skin rejuvenation, hydrating, moisturizing, nourishing, and protects against photodamage.

Rose Hip (Rosa Canina) Fruit Oil – Rosehip oil is used for its ability to help regenerate new skin cells, heal wounds, treat scars and acne. It is rich in vitamins and fatty acids and has astringent qualities. It also has an extremely high vitamin C content which is great for collagen production. Vitamins including A, Beta-Carotene, D and E, promote cellular turnover and provide antioxidant protection. Being a good emollient and able to penetrate to deeper layers of the skin make it the perfect skin rejuvenator.

S

Saccharide Isomerate – Contains naturally occurring carbohydrates similar to the structure of the skin’s stratum corneum, moisture regulator resulting in long lasting water retention in skin, binds free amino groups of lysine in the keratin of the stratum corneum to help regulate moisture retention, great capacity for moisture binding and retention in low humidity.

Safflower (Carthamus Tinctorius) Seed Oil – With an extremely low comedogenic rating it is beneficial for acneic and sensitive skin, rich in beneficial fatty acids, primarily linolenic acid, that can help repair skin’s barrier and provide moisture.

Sage – Antibacterial, skin purifier, and toning agent.

Sanguisorba – Herb rich in anti-inflammatory agents and antioxidants.

Sea Buckthorn Extract (Hippophae Rhamnoides) – High content of Omega 7 fatty acids, tocopherols, carotenoids and phytosterols; enhances cell regeneration, promotes healing and is anti-inflammatory.

Sea Buckthorn Oil – High fatty acid content, natural source of Vitamins A and E, carotenes, and flavonoids, high Vitamin C content, and rich in Vitamin B1, B2, K, carotenes, tocopherols, and phytosterols, helps with regeneration.

Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides) Oil – High fatty acid content, natural source of Vitamins A and E, carotenes, and flavonoids, high Vitamin C content, and rich in Vitamin B1, B2, K, tocopherols, and phytosterols. Helps with cellular regeneration, supports wound healing and provides hydration to epidermis while reducing water loss. Used to treat dermatitis, eczema, acne and hyperpigmentation.

Sepiwhite (Undecylenoyl Phenylalanine) – Lightens skin by controlling the formation and dispersion of melanin.

Serine – Essential amino acid that help to generate collagen.

Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii) – High content of hydrating and conditioning agents with fatty acid profile, moisturizes and retains elasticity, helps to protect against the damaging effects of the sun while repairing cellular degeneration.

Sodium Hyaluronate – Able to hold 1,000 times its weight in water it also promotes skin/blood microcirculation and nutrient absorption.

Spatholobus – Herb with anti-inflammatory agents.

Spearmint Leaf Oil – Cooling, stimulating, energizing, analgesic properties.

Squalane – Lipid that provides moisture and protection, sourced from olives.

Strawberries – Antioxidant rich in Vitamins A, B, and C.

Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Seed Oil – High amounts amount of essential fatty acids such as linoleic acid (omega-6 fatty acid), also high in oleic acid.

Sweet Almond (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis) Oil – High level of fatty acids, phytosterols and polyphenols to scavenge free radicals, absorb UV rays, improving moisture content of skin, calm inflammation, and improve elasticity.

Sweet Cherry (Prunus Avium) Fruit Extract – Rich in flavonoids and potent antioxidants. Anti-inflammatory, emollient and moisturizing due to its humectant properties. Firms and revitalizes with high Vitamin C content.

Swertia Chirata Leaf Extract – Key component of SWT-7 for self-regenerative stem cell activity. Stimulates keratinocyte proliferation to self-regenerate thin epidermis due to cell-to-cell communication between adipose-derived stem cells and keratinocytes. Technology based of of skin tissue engineering for the treatment of burn injuries. Proven to resurface the skin and improve the look of wrinkles in 7 days with a 17% reduction of wrinkles around the lips.

SymWhite (Phenylethyl Resorcinol) – Skin lightener and antioxidant with potent levels of tyrosinase inhibitors.

Sythne-6 (Palmitoyl Tripeptide-38) – Wrinkle filler derived from tripeptides comprised of 6 amino acids to help build the skin framework and form the matrix of collagen I, III, IV, fibronectin, Hyaluronic acid, and laminin 5; smoothes wrinkles from the inside by stimulating the synthesis of the macromolecules in the dermal/epidermal junction that are needed for structure.

T

Theobroma Grandiflorum (Cupuacu) Butter – High content of phytosterols to benefit dry, damaged skin, polyphenols to combat free radicals in the tissues, and fatty acids to protect and moisturize, this butter has healing and restructuring benefits, hydrates, improves elasticity and decreases inflammation.

Threonine – Essential amino acid that helps to generate collagen.

Tocopheryl Acetate – Naturally occurring fat soluble form of Vitamin E, antioxidant protects from oxidative stress and is anti inflammatory.

Trans Resveratrol (Polygonum Cuspidatum) – Antioxidant extracted from the Giant Knotweed plant instead of grape sources; anti-inflammatory and protects against UVB damage.

Trioxolane – Natural plant extract with specialized stable oxygen molecules that repair free radical damage, repair protein damage, and complete the wound healing process.

V

Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol or Mixed Tocopherol) – Very healing for the skin, easily absorbed and smoothing, containing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

W

Wild Cherry Bark Extract (Prunus Serotina) – Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and soothing properties.

Wild Yam (Dioscorea Villosa) Root Extract – Enhances moisture for dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.

Willow Herb (Epilobium Angustifolium) – Anti-irritant, antibacterial, calming and anti-inflammatory agent; proven to be stronger than 1% Hydrocortisone.

Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) – Controls oil production, tones, soothes, and conditions skin while enhancing the appearance of dry skin and reduces flaking.

Y

Yellow Dock Extract (Rumex Occidentalis) – Derived from the Yellow Dock plant for its skin lightening properties; strong inhibitory effect on the tyrosinase enzyme.

Z

Zinc Gluconate – Essential mineral that plays a role in the proper function of the immune system and in skin metabolism and repair; creates zinc finger formation with amino acids.

Zinc Oxide – Best natural broad spectrum sun protection. Covers wider range of UVA radiation than titanium dioxide. Non-nano, oil coated mineral with anti-inflammatory and astringent properties, aids in wound healing and is beneficial for acneic skin. Doesn’t breakdown with sun exposure like chemical sunscreens.

Intended as a guide only for research and educational purposes. While every effort has been made to ensure the information is accurate and correct, it is not guaranteed. This information should be used in conjunction with your own research.